I have selected the fundamental paragraphs of that Reflection:
"As some people know, in September of 1969, Muammar al-Gaddafi, a Bedouin Arab soldier of unusual character and inspired by the ideas of the Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser, promoted within the heart of the Armed Forces a movement which overthrew King Idris I of Libya, almost a desert country in its totality, with a sparse population, located to the north of Africa between Tunisia and Egypt."
"Born into the heart of a Bedouin community, nomadic desert shepherds in the region of Tripoli, Gaddafi was profoundly anti-colonialist."
"…Gaddafi’s adversaries confirm that he stood out for his intelligence as a student; he was expelled from high school for his anti-monarchical activities. He managed to enroll in another school and later to graduate in law at the University of Benghazi, aged 21. He then entered the Benghazi Military College, where he created the Union of Free Officers Movement, subsequently completing his studies in a British military academy."
"He initiated his political life with unquestionably revolutionary acts."
"In March 1970, in the wake of mass nationalist protests, he achieved the evacuation of British soldiers from the country and, in June, the United States vacated the large airbase close to Tripoli, which was handed over to military instructors from Egypt, a country allied with Libya.
"In 1970, a number of Western oil companies and banking societies with the participation of foreign capital were affected by the Revolution. At the end of 1971, the same fate befell the famous British Petroleum. In the agricultural sector all Italian assets were confiscated, and the colonialists and their descendants were expelled from Libya."
"The Libyan leader became immersed in extremist theories as much opposed to communism as to capitalism. It was a stage in which Gaddafi devoted himself to theorizing, which would be meaningless to include in this analysis, except to note that the first article of the Constitutional Proclamation of 1969, established the "Socialist" nature of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
"What I wish to emphasize is that the United States and its NATO allies were never interested in human rights.
"The pandemonium that occurred in the Security Council, in the meeting of the Human Rights Council based in Geneva, and in the UN General Assembly in New York, was pure theater."
"The empire is now attempting [... ] to militarily intervene in Libya and deliver a blow to the revolutionary wave unleashed in the Arab world."
"Whether a latent Libyan rebellion was promoted by yankee intelligence agencies or by the errors of Gaddafi himself, it is important that the peoples do not let themselves be deceived, given that, very soon, world opinion will have enough elements to know what to believe."
"Libya, like many Third World countries, is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and other international organizations, via which relations are established independently of the economic and social system of each state.
"Briefly: the Revolution in Cuba, inspired by Marxist-Leninist and Martí principles, had triumphed in 1959 at 90 miles from the United States, which imposed the Platt Amendment on us and was the proprietor of our country’s economy.
"Almost immediately, the empire promoted against our people dirty warfare, counterrevolutionary gangs, the criminal economic blockade and the mercenary invasion of the Bay of Pigs, guarded by an aircraft carrier and its marines ready to disembark if the mercenary force secured certain objectives."
"All the Latin American countries, with the exception of Mexico, took part in the criminal blockade which is still in place, without our country ever surrendering."
"In January 1986, putting forward the idea that Libya was behind so-called revolutionary terrorism, Reagan ordered the severing of economic and commercial relations with that country."
"In March of that year, an aircraft carrier force in the Gulf of Sirte, within what Libya considered its national waters, unleashed attacks which destroyed a number of naval units equipped with rocket launchers and coastal radar systems which that country had acquired in the USSR.
"On April 5, a discotheque in West Berlin frequented by U.S. soldiers was the target of a plastic explosives attack, in which three people died, two of them U.S. soldiers, and many people were injured.
"Reagan accused Gaddafi and ordered the Air Force to respond. Three squadrons took off from 6th Fleet aircraft carriers and bases in the United Kingdom, and attacked with missiles and bombs seven military targets in Tripoli and Benghazi. Some 40 people died, 15 of them civilians [... ] when a missile directly hit the residence (of the Libyan leader), his daughter Hanna died and another two of his children were wounded. That act was widely rejected; the UN General Assembly passed a resolution of condemnation given what was a violation of the UN Charter and international law. The Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League and the OAU did likewise in energetic terms.
"On December 21, 1988, a Pan Am Boeing 747 flying from London to New York disintegrated in full flight when a bomb exploded…"
"According to the yankees, investigations implicated two Libyan intelligence agents."
"A sinister legend was fabricated against him, with the participation of Reagan and Bush Senior."
"The Security Council had imposed sanctions on Libya which began to be overcome when Gaddafi agreed to the trial, under specific conditions, of the two men accused of the plane sabotage over Scotland.
"Libyan delegations began to be invited to inter-European meetings. In July 1999 London initiated the reestablishment of full diplomatic relations with Libya after some additional concessions."
"On December 2, Massimo D’Alema, the Italian prime minister, made the first visit to Libya by a European head of government.
"With the disappearance of the USSR and the European socialist bloc, Gaddafi decided to accept the demands of the United States and NATO."
"In early 2002, the State Department announced that diplomatic talks between the United States and Libya were underway."
"At the beginning of 2003, in accordance with the economic agreement on compensation reached between Libya and the plaintiffs, the United Kingdom and France, the UN Security Council lifted its 1992 sanctions against Libya.
"Before the end of 2003, Bush and Tony Blair reported an agreement with Libya, which had submitted documentation to British and U.S. intelligence experts about conventional weapons programs and ballistic missiles with a range of more than 300 kilometers. [... ] It was the result of many months of talks between Tripoli and Washington, as Bush himself revealed.
"Gaddafi kept his disarmament promises. Within five months Libya handed over the five units of Scud-C missiles with a range of 800 km and hundreds of Scud-B which have a range exceeding the 300 kilometers of defensive short-range. missiles.
"As of October, 2002, a marathon of visits to Tripoli began: Berlusconi, in October 2002; José María Aznar, in September 2003; Berlusconi again in February, August and October of 2004; Blair, in March of 2004; the German Schröeder, in October of that year; Jacques Chirac, November 2004."
"Gaddafi toured Europe triumphantly. He was received in Brussels in April of 2004 by Romano Prodi, president of the European Commission; in August of that year the Libyan leader invited Bush to visit his country; Exxon Mobil, Chevron, Texaco and Conoco Philips established renewed oil extraction operations through joint ventures.
"In May of 2006, the United States announced the removal of Libya from its list of nations harboring terrorists and established full diplomatic relations.
"In 2006 and 2007, France and the U.S. signed accords for cooperation in nuclear development for peaceful ends; in May, 2007, Blair returned to visit Gaddafi in Sirte. British Petroleum signed a contract it described as "enormously important," for the exploration of gas fields.
"In December of 2007, Gaddafi made two trips to France to sign military and civilian equipment contracts for 10 billion euros, and to Spain where he met with President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. Contracts worth millions were signed with important NATO countries.
"What has now brought on the precipitous withdrawal of U.S. and other NATO members' embassies?
"It all seems extremely strange.
"George W. Bush, father of the stupid anti-terrorist war, said on September 20, 2011 to west Point cadets, "Our security will require … the military you will lead, a military that must be ready to strike at a moment's notice in any dark corner of the world. … to be ready for preemptive action when necessary to defend our liberty…’"
"’We must root out terrorist cells in 60 countries or more [... ] Together with our friends and allies, we have to stop their proliferation and confront regimes which harbor or support terrorism, as is required in each case.’"
I add today that Afghanistan, a traditionally rebel country, was invaded; nationalist tribes formerly allied with the United States in their struggle against the USSR, were bombarded and massacred. Dirty war extended to other parts of the world. Iraq was invaded under what turned out to be false pretenses, its abundant oil resources passed into the hands of yankee corporations, millions of people lost their jobs and were obliged to move elsewhere, either within or outside of the country, its museums were looted and countless citizens lost their lives or were massacred by the invaders.
Returning to the Reflection, I noted:
"An AFP dispatch from Kabul, dated today, March 9, reveals, ‘Last year was the most lethal for civilians in the nine-year war between the Taliban and international forces in Afghanistan, with almost 2,800 deaths, 15% more than in 2009, a United Nations report indicated on Wednesday, underlining the human cost of the conflict for the population.’"
"’At exactly 2,777, the number of civilian deaths in 2010 increased by 15% as compared to 2009,’ according to the joint annual report of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan…"
"On March 3, President Barack Obama expressed his ‘profound condolences’ to the Afghan people for the nine children killed, as did U.S. General David Petraeus, commander in chief of the ISAF and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates."
"… the UNAMA report emphasizes that the number of civilian deaths is four times greater than the number of international forces soldiers killed in combat during the same year."
In relation to Libya, I noted:
"Over the course of 10 days, in Geneva and in the United Nations, more than 150 speeches were delivered about violations of human rights, which were repeated million of times on television, radio, Internet and in the written press.
"Cuba's Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez, in his remarks March 1, 2011 before Foreign Relations ministers in Geneva, said:
"’Humanity's conscience is repulsed by the deaths of innocent people under any circumstances, anyplace. Cuba fully shares the worldwide concern for the loss of civilian lives in Libya and hopes that its people are able to reach a peaceful and sovereign solution to the civil war occurring there, with no foreign interference, and guarantee the integrity of that nation."
"’If the essential human right is the right to life, will the Council be ready to suspend the membership of states that unleash war?
"’Will it suspend states which finance and supply military aid utilized by recipient states for mass, flagrant and systematic violations of human rights and attacks on the civilian population, like those taking place in Palestine?
"’Will it apply measures to powerful countries which are perpetuating extra-judicial executions in the territory of other states with the use of high technology, such as smart bombs and drone aircraft?
"’What will happen with states which accept secret illegal prisons in their territories, facilitate the transit of secret flights with kidnapped persons aboard, or participate in acts of torture?’"
"’We are against the internal war in Libya, in favor of immediate peace and respect for the lives and rights of all citizens, without foreign intervention, which would only serve to prolong the conflict and NATO interests.’"
Yesterday, October 31, an event took place which, like so many others, testifies to the total lack of ethics in yankee politics.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was simply adopting a courageous decision: to grant the heroic people of Palestine the right to participate as an active member of UNESCO; 107 states voted in favor, 14 against, 52 abstained from voting. All of us know perfectly well why.
The United States representative to this institution, following instructions from the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, immediately announced that from that moment his country would suspend all economic aid to the organization, directed by the UN to education, science and culture.
The dramatic tone in which the lady announced the decision was totally unnecessary. Nobody was surprised by the anticipated and cynical decision.
But, as if that were not enough, an AFP cable dated, Washington, 16:05pm today caps it:
"’After the G20 summit (…) President (Obama) and President Sarkozy will participate in a ceremony in Cannes to celebrate the alliance between the U.S. and France,’ said the U.S. presidency, adding that the leaders will also meet with ‘American and French soldiers who have participated together in the operation’ in Libya."
I shall continue shortly.
Fidel Castro Ruz
November 1, 2011
Translated by Granma International