THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
TANZANIA POLICE FORCE
TANZANIA POLICE FORCE REFORM PROGRAM
2006/07 – 2014/15
“CHALLENGES OF ENHANCINGPERFORMANCE AND RESPONSIVENESS IN
THE POLICE FORCE”
Said A. Mwema
Inspector General of Police
Tanzania Police Force Reforms (1)
• Background of the Tanzania Police Force Reforms
– The objective of the Police Force is to provide safety for people
and property through preservation of the peace, maintenance of
law and order, prevention and detection of crime, arrest and
guarding of offenders and protection of property.
– For the past ten years (1996/7-2006/7) an average of more than
a million crimes are reported to the Police in Tanzania. Data and
information suggest that types, number, quality and intensity of
crime occurrences have been increasing over time.
Major Primary Problems, Constraints and Limitations
– They include lack of adequate Human Resources Management,
Institutional Framework, Legal and Regulatory Framework,
Management Information System and Financial Resources.
Tanzania Police Force Reforms (2)
• The Tanzania Police Reforms started as a necessity in
implementation of cluster three of MKUKUTA/MKUZA
– Specific policy strategies includes community involvement
– Human Resource Management strategy
– Crime Prevention Strategy
• Planning and preparation of current Tanzania Police Force Reform Program
– The Government initiatives in July 2006
– Tanzania Police Force mgt steer and direct process
– Appointment of Team Of Experts from within the Police Force
– Wide consultations, workshops and seminars done during the
last two years
Tanzania Police Force Reforms (3)
• The Vision
– The vision is to have professional, modernized and
community centered force that supports maintenance
of public safety and security in the country.
• The Mission
– The mission is to establish a more dispersed, visible,
accessible, and service-oriented Police Force, which
interacts freely and gently with its community in
protection of both the life and property of all the
people, all the time
• Framework of the Tanzania Police Force Reform Program
– The Tanzania Police Force Reform Program is
composed of three major interlinked clusters of
desired outcomes namely, Community Policing,
Professionalism and Modernization
Emerging Challenges and Issues (1)
• The emerging challenges and collaborative issues; during reforms
– Organize and arrange members of the Police Force in a manner
that enables them to discharge duties assigned to the Force
effectively and efficiently;
– Create an open problem solving hierarchy throughout the Police
– Locate decision-making and problem-solving responsibilities as
close as possible to sources of information;
– Build trust among police officers,
– Help the Police management to manage according to the
present and future needs of the beneficiaries of the services of
the Police Force rather than according to past practices;
– Increase self-control and self-direction for all personnel within
the Force from the rank of Constable through Inspector General;
– Keep the Police Force close to the public.
Emerging Challenges and Issues (2)
• The strategic reform challenges and issues of cooperation and
relationship between the Force and other partners;
– Optimize generic extraneous duties for the benefit of the Force;
– Enhance linkage with other civil service departments;
– Facilitate police participation in government policy processes;
– Ensure that roles, responsibilities and relationships with other
law enforcement agencies, transparent and consistent in the
maintenance of public safety and security;
– Set clear policies of cooperation with other public safety and
– Identify and make use of professional knowledge boundaries;
– Prepare and plan for effective implementation of peace
– Ensure optimal collaboration and best use of modern technology
Innovative approaches to addressing challenges and issues (1)
• The planning and preparation of the Tanzania Police
Force Reforms have started during financial year
2007/2008 and the Medium Term Strategic Plan 2007 –
2010 has been used as the first and basic instrument
• Log-Frameworks and the Implementation Plan of the
Reform Programme have been prepared.
• Various TPF-RP Management and Technical Committees
have been appointed. The committees will be responsible
– Coordination and Management,
– Implementation and operational efficiency, and
– Monitoring and Evaluation.
• Holding a series of capacity building training programmes
on Police Reforms for the Management and Technical
Innovative approaches to addressing challenges and issues (2)
• TPF-RP Management and Technical Committees are
– Prepare, refine and approve detailed and specific
Tanzania Police Force Programmes, work plans and
their relevant costs;
– Design specific strategies and Quick Win Lines of
Actions to improve working relations and linkages
with all collaborating institutions.
– Lobby for political and national leadership support.
– Solicit for financial funds from various sources, locally
Innovative approaches to addressing challenges and issues (3)
• There will be designing and implementing of series of
capacity building training programme activities for all
members of the Force about the roles, functions and
responsibilities of the Ministry of Home Affairs in
facilitating both the effective discharge of police services.
• The Reform Programme will have the responsibility of
sensitizing the public on the unique characteristics of the
reforms, the key issue being its role in supporting
maintenance of peace and tranquillity by reducing
incidences of crime and fear of crime.
• There is a need to design and implement series of
activities aimed at establishing effective communication
linkage between all central government ministries and
the Police Force.
Critical Success factors
Recorded so far
• Relationship between Tanzania Police Force and other Government Agencies
It is clear that the relationship between the
Tanzania Police Force and other government
agencies has shifted in recent years.
Working relationships have been created with
We are now able to train and work together, share
experiences and information and strategizing on
the best ways of sustaining this relationships.
Critical Success factors
Recorded so far
• Civil society/community involvement
Police Private Partnership with the
business community has been initiated.
This initiative has been possible through
the establishment of Police Private
Partnership Forum (3P-F).
The general public has been enthusiastic in
This reaction is encouraging and makes us
strongly believe that we are moving
towards the right direction.
Critical Success factors
Recorded so far
• A conducive and supportive and demonstrated
political will to reform Police Force
Political support is a critical step in the successful
implementation of the Police Reform Programme.
With the support of politicians, we will be able to
secure financial support as well as moral support
from the public.
We are glad to report the full support from
politicians in our endeavor.
We hope with the continued support, we will
realize our dreams.
Ways in which program delivery could be enhanced (1)
• The TPF-RP financing framework has to be founded on;
The MKUKUTA/MKUZA approach, while trying to address some
of the weaknesses noted above, but focusing more on costs of
attaining specific outcomes.
Some of the outcomes (community policing, professionalism
and modernization of the Police Force) are interdependent thus
requiring clear identification of linkage interventions and
therefore financing needs.
Under TPF-RP, the financing of major and desired development
interventions will continue to depend mainly on domestic
resource mobilization efforts.
Although it has never been a tradition of direct involvement of
foreign financing, this source of financing will be crucial in
complementing domestic resources for the near future.
We hope that the government through MKUKUTA/MKUZA
window will engage development partners and other
stakeholders to direct their support to TPF-RP.
Ways in which program delivery could be enhanced
• In view of the fact that implementation of TPFRP
interventions is not only limited to
government but includes the private sector and
communities, there is a need to enhance other
sources of domestic financing,
• Internal financial organizational framework to be
improved. This includes both systems and
organizational structures responsible for
planning, budgeting and accounting within the
Ways in which program delivery could be enhanced (2)
• Strengthened regular and continuous Monitoring and
Evaluation mechanisms of the implementation strategies
• Both internal and external M & E have been established
• The Directorate of M&E within the Ministry will be
working in collaboration with internal M & E system in
coordinating implementation of the Reform Programme
• A specific internal M&E department, committees and
technical working groups within the Force have been
established to manage development and assessment of
M&E reports and provide technical opinion and
guidance to other collaborating legal sector institutions.
• The TPF Reform Programme presupposes
sustained social, political and economic
development and a greater ability to respond
better to the public security and safety needs of
• The achievements of the TPF Reform
Programme have to be realized as a continuing
process over a period, by creating an enabling
environment for the Community Policing and for
entire Monitoring and Evaluating of the reform